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Defining the Cold War

For more than 45 years, the Navy played a vital, pivotal role in containing and defeating the very real threat of Soviet military power and Communist ideology. Few episodes in the Navy's history were as momentous as the Cold War, America's longest war. From 1945 to 1991, American Sailors braved combat and the dangers of service at sea to protect the United States from powerful adversaries armed with nuclear and conventional weapons. These men and women served long years far from home, many suffering death or injury to help threatened nations withstand Communist invasions and insurgencies.
 
 

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Virtual Walkthrough
NATO and the Warsaw Pact

NATO and the Warsaw Pact

In 1949, twelve nations of North America and Europe established the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Created to counteract the soviet threat to Europe, the NATO alliance had grown to sixteen nations by 1982.

In reaction to NATO, the Soviet Union compelled the seven nations it controlled in central and eastern Europe to join the U.S.S.R. in forming the Warsaw Pact in 1955. Although the Soviet Union pledged not to interfere in the internal affairs of these countries, it brutally repressed popular uprisings in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968.

NATO WARSAW PACT
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
France
  Greece
Iceland
Italy
Luxembourg
  Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Spain
  Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
West Germany
  Albania
Bulgaria
Czechoslovakia
East Germany
  Hungary
Poland
Romania
Soviet Union
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