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  U.S. Navy Museum Cold War Gallery Covert Submarine Operations
Soviet Submarine Patrol Areas

Initially, Soviet submarines patrolled close to American shores so that their missiles could reach American cities. As the range of Soviet missiles increased and American antisubmarine measures became especially effective, Soviet submarines retreated to "bastions" in waters close to the U.S.S.R.
 
 

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Patrol Area Charts

Soviet Patrol Area Charts

These charts were prepared by the Office of Naval Intelligence and declassified for this exhibit. They show five successive stages in the areas patrolled by Soviet ballistic missile and attack submarines from the 1960s to the 1990s. Initially patrols were close to American shores, but over time retreated to waters close to the U.S.S.R. (Click image below for larger chart versions)
Soviet Patrol Areas
Submarine Models

Submarine Models

Soviet submarines developed and deployed during the Cold War include attack submarines such as the ALFA, which threatened our Navy's surface forces and ballistic missile submarines, such as the DELTA III and TYPHOON, that threatened American cities with devastating nuclear attack.

click image below to see models of submarine types.
Submarine Models
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